Minors & Certificates

Focus and Expand

Minoring in a discipline outside your major field of study, allows you to focus elective credits to expand your perspective and increase your skills. A minor will make you stand out to potential employers because it demonstrates an eagerness to learn and emphasizes your willingness to go above and beyond minimum expectations.

Talk with your academic advisor to discuss your goals and determine how a minor would complement your plan of study.


Horticulture is the science and art of growing plants for food, personal enjoyment, and environmental enhancement. Horticulture includes the production, marketing, and utilization of fruit and vegetable products that improve health and well-being, shade trees that reduce the urban heat island effect, bedding plants that increase business profits, and interior plants that reduce stress and enhance productivity.

The horticulture minor requires a minimum of 16 hours in courses carrying a HORT subject is required, of which at least 9 hours must be in 300-400-level courses and taken in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses. A maximum of 3 hours of the 16 hours may be from the following courses: HORT 399, 495, 499.

Viticulture and Enology (Wine Science)

Students who minor in Viticulture and Enology will learn the importance of grape growing and wine making. A minor in Viticulture and Enology will be useful to any student desiring to learn more about the wine industry from the growing of grapes to harvest, processing and product evaluation.

Required Courses (9 credits):

  • VIT_ENOL 113: Introduction to Wines & Vines
  • VIT_ENOL 313: Viticulture (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 120 or HORT 202)
  • VIT_ENOL 422: Sensory Evaluation of Food & Wine (STAT 212, FS 110 or VIT_ENOL 113)

Possible Elective Courses (7 credits, 3 must be upper-division):

  • SOIL_SCI 201: Soil: A Living System (3 cr.)
  • PL_P 300: Diseases of Fruit Crops (2 cr.; BIOLOGY 120, HORT 310 or HORT 313)
  • HBM 350: Beverage Management (3 cr.)
  • BIOLOGY 420: Plant Physiology (3 cr.; BIOLOGY 106 or 120)
  • FS 460: Food Chemistry (3 cr.; CHEM 345, MBIOS 303)
  • Any course with the VIT_ENOL prefix (varies)

Courses not on this list may be used with advisor approval.

Anthropology Minor

You may petition for the minor once you have completed 60 semester hours. A total of at least 18 semester hours in anthropology is required. A minimum grade of C- must be earned in each course contributing to the minor. Requirements include:

Three of the following courses:

  • ANTH 101 (or 198)—General Anthropology
  • ANTH 203—Peoples of the World
  • ANTH 230—Introduction to Archaeology
  • ANTH 260—Introduction to Physical Anthropology

The biology minor requires 24 completed semester credits and a 2.0 minimum GPA.

Suggested Classes for First-Year Students

  • Two science classes OR One science and one math
  • Two non-science classes each semester

Suggested Classes for Transfer Students

  • Core biology, physical sciences, mathematics, and statistics requirements and electives

Math Requirement

  • Math 140: Calculus for Life Scientists OR Math 171: Calculus I

Core Courses

  • Biology 106: Introductory Biology: Organismal Biology
  • Biology 107: Introductory Biology: Cell Biology and Genetics
  • Biology 301: General Genetics
  • Biology 372: General Ecology
  • Biology 405: Principles of Organic Evolution
  • Chemistry 105: Principles of Chemistry I
  • Chemistry 106: Principles of Chemistry II
  • Chemistry 345: Organic Chemistry I
  • Math 140: Calculus for Life Scientists
  • Physics 101 and 102: General Physics
  • Statistics 212: Introduction to Statistical Methods OR Statistics 412: Statistical Methods in Research
Digital Technology & Culture Minor

A minor in Digital Technology & Culture requires 18 hours including:

  • DTC 101 Introduction to Digital Technology & Culture
  • DTC 201 Tools and Methods for Digital Technology
  • DTC/ENGLISH 336 Composition and Design
  • DTC/ENGLISH 355 Multimedia Authoring: Exploring New Rhetorics
  • DTC/ENGLISH 375 Language, Texts and Technology

plus one more 3-hour course from the following:

  • DTC 335 Digital Animation: Story, Narration and Production
  • DTC 356 Information Structures
  • DTC 435 Advanced Animation
  • DTC 477 Advanced Multimedia Authoring
  • DTC 478 Usability and Interface Design
  • FINE ART 331 Art, Science, and Technology
  • FINE ART 332 Introduction to Digital Media: Print & Web
  • FINE ART 333 Introduction to Digital Media: Video & Sound
  • FINE ART 363 Special Topics—Digital Media
  • FINE ART 434 Time Based Media
  • FINE ART 435 Interactive Media

9 hours of upper-division work must be taken in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses.

Environmental Science Minor

A minor in Environmental Science requires a minimum of 16 credit hours. Students must complete ENVR SCI 101 Environment and Human Life and ENVR SCI 444 Environmental Assessment

A minimum of 8 additional credit hours can be selected in consultation with an academic advisor, from the following:

  • ENVR SCI 250 Introduction to Earth System Science
  • ENVR SCI 275 Rivers: Form, Function, and Management
  • ENVR SCI 285 The Science and Policy of Climate Change
  • ENVR SCI 335 Environmental Policy
  • ENVR SCI 463 Water in the Environment
  • ENVR SCI 490 Special Topics
  • GEOL 230 Introductory Oceanography
  • GEOL 303 Environmental Geology
  • GEOL 315 Water and the Earth
  • NATRS 300 Natural Resource Ecology
  • NATRS 312 Natural Resources, Society, and the Environment
  • NATRS 438 Natural Resource and Environmental Policy and Law
  • NATRS 450 Conservation Biology
  • NATRS 454 Restoration Ecology

Of these 16 credit hours, 9 hours must be in upper-division work taken in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses. This minor is not open to students majoring in Environmental and Ecosystem Sciences.

English Minor

To earn an English minor students must complete a minimum of 18 hours in English courses (excluding 101 and 198), half of which must be 300/400-level. ENGL 302 Introduction to English Studies is required.

Fine Arts Minor

A minor in art requires 18 hours including FINE ART 102 or FINE ART 103; FINE ART 110; and one course from FINE ART 201 or 202. The remaining 9 hours of electives must be in 300-400-level FINE ART courses taken in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses.

Math Minor

A mathematics minor requires a minimum of 19 hours including MATH 171, 172, and one of 220 or 273. An additional 9 hours of 300-400-level mathematics credits must be taken in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses. Courses required for the minor may not be taken pass/fail and a minimum 2.0 GPA is required in all courses taken for the minor. MATH 303, 330, 351, 398, 425, and 431 do not count toward the minor.

Course Requirements:

  • Per academic regulation 54, transfer credit does not count toward the required nine credits at the 300-400 level.
  • Cross-listed courses do count, such as Math/Bio 340.
  • One of Statistics 360, 370 or 412, and any of Statistics 423, 430, 443, and 456 do count.
  • Only content courses count toward the minor. In particular, Math 330, 351, 398, 425, 431, and 497 do not count. Math 499 may count with prior approval.

Download the minor checklist.

Molecular Biosciences Certificate

Students who earn an undergraduate molecular biosciences certificate will possess working knowledge of the foundations of three separate fields of study: genetics, microbiology, and biochemistry, and will have an understanding of how to use these disciplines to make informed decisions about current societal issues. Those who earn the certificate will be well prepared to work in both science and non-science careers, they will be qualified for employment opportunities with non-profit organizations and government agencies involved in science making decisions, and they will be attractive to private sector businesses who require employees with interdisciplinary scientific training.

Suggested Schedule of Studies

The 18-credit certificate program is designed around four core courses required for all students, and an additional 3 credits obtained from a course which will require the student to apply the concepts of molecular biosciences to society. The certificate can be fulfilled through a mixture of on-campus and online course offerings or online courses only. A grade of “C” or better must be earned in all classes that apply towards this certificate.

Core (all four courses are required; 15 credits):

  • MBioS 301 – General Genetics (4 credits; Prerequisites Biol 106, 107; one year freshman Chemistry)
  • MBioS 303 – Introductory Biochemistry (4 credits; Prerequisites Chem 106 and Chem 345)
  • MBioS 320 – DNA and Society (3 credits; Recomended one college-level Biol course)
  • MBioS 101 – Introductory Microbiology (4 credits) OR MBioS 305+306 – General Microbiology+Microbiology Laboratory (Prerequisites: Biol 106, 107 and Chem 345 or c//) OR MBioS 305 + 304 General Microbiology+Microbiology and Molecular Biology Laboratory (Prerequisites: Biol 106, 107 and Chem 345 or c//)

Applicability of Bioscience (3 credits minimum):

  • BIOLOGY 140 – Nutrition for Living (3 credits)
  • ANTH 468 – Sex, Evolution, and Human Nature (3 credits; Prerequisites 3 hours Anth or Biol, completion of one Tier I and three Tier II courses)
  • BIOLOGY 330 – Principles of Conservation (3 credits; Prerequisite either Biol 102, 106, or 107)
  • MBioS 342 – Microbial Ecology (3 credits; Prerequisites Biol 106 and Chem 345 or c//)
  • CRMJ 320 – Criminal Law
  • PHIL 103 – Introduction to Ethics (3 credits)
  • PHIL 365 – Biomedical Ethics (3 credits)

Other courses can apply per approval of Certificate Coordinator

Students are expected to have already completed courses equivalent to one year of Freshman Chemistry for Science Majors, one year of Freshman Biology for Science Majors, and one semester of organic chemistry through an accredited institution of higher education before working towards this certificate.

Professional Writing Certificate

To earn the Professional Writing Certificate, students must complete the following five courses (15 credit hours) with a minimum 3.0 GPA:

  • ANTH 350 Speech, Thought, and Culture
  • ENGL 301 Writing and Rhetorical Conventions
  • ENGL 355 Multimedia Authoring: Exploring New Rhetorics
  • ENGL 402 Technical and Professional Writing
  • ENGL 498 Internship (must be taken only after the other four courses have been completed)
Professional Writing Minor

The Professional Writing minor requires 18 credit hours of course work.

Core Courses (6 credits):

Engl 301—Writing and Rhetorical Conventions
Engl 402—Technical and Professional Writing or Engl 403—Technical and Professional Writing ESL
Engl 461— Theory and Practice in Technical and Professional Writing

Elective Courses (12 credits from among the following):

  • ENGL 255 English Grammar
  • ENGL 256 Introduction to Syntax and Semantics
  • ENGL 300 Computers in English or ENGL 354 History of the English Language
  • ENGL 355 Multimedia Authoring: Exploring New Rhetorics
  • ENGL 401 History of Rhetoric
  • ENGL 405 Advanced Professional WrIting and Editing
  • ENGL 478 Usability and Interface Design
  • ENGL 498 Internship
History Minor

Students who have completed 60 semester hours may certify a minor. A History minor requires:

  • 2.0 WSU GPA
  • 18 hours of History courses; at least 9 hours must be upper-division
  • C or better grade in all courses

At least 9 of the 18 hours must be earned at Washington State University

Psychology Minor

The minor in Psychology requires 18 credit hours in Psychology coursework and PSYCH 105 Introductory Psychology is required. At least 9 of these credit hours must be taken at WSU and at least 9 must be in graded, upper-division courses.

Psychology courses must be taken for a letter grade, with the exception of the following courses:

  • PSYCH 445 Undergraduate Practicum
  • PSYCH 497 Instructional Practicum
  • PSYCH 498 Research Participation
  • PSYCH 499 Special Problems
Spanish Minor

The minor requires 17 credits, 9 of which must be at the 300-400 level. A minimum of 9 credits with a letter grade must be taken in residency at WSU, of which 3 must be at the 300-400 level. All courses must be passed with a grade of C or better.

Check with your advisor to determine how courses taken in Study Aboard programs or at other institutions can count toward the minor.

Business Administration Minor

The Carson College of Business’ minor in business administration is an official designation, which appears on your transcript and gives you the ability to differentiate yourself from other students. Only non-business majors may minor in business administration.
To qualify to certify as a business administration minor a student must:

  • Have a minimum of 60 semester hours
  • Be certified in a major
  • Have a cumulative GPA of 2.5 or higher

Students must complete ACCTG 230 Introduction to Financial Accounting plus five (5) business courses, at least nine credits of which must be at the 300- or 400-level.

Admissible 300- or 400-level courses may not include any 498 or 499 courses. Students may transfer in up to six (6) credit hours from another college or university.

Hospitality Business Management Minor

The minor in hospitality business management requires a minimum of 19 credit hours, 9 of which must be 300-400 level, with an overall GPA of at least a 2.5 in the required courses.

The required courses are:

  • ACCTG 230 Introduction to Financial Accounting
  • HBM 101 Introduction to Industry Experience or HBM 401 Industry Experience
  • 15 additional HBM credits, of which 9 credit hours must be at the 300-400 level.

Nine credit hours must be 300-400 level courses taken in residence at WSU or though WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses and they may not include any 498 or 499 courses. Up to 6 credit hours may be transferred from another institution.

Students must complete 400 hours of internship/industry experience to earn the minor. In order for hours to count for the requirement, they must meet the following criteria:

  • Hours must be worked after high-school graduation;
  • All hours must be documented as paid;
  • Hours must be worked at a company whose primary source of revenue is derived from hospitality services; and
  • The employer evaluation for the hours must reflect an average of 70% across the ratings criteria on the form.
Wine Business Management Minor

To be eligible to certify in the wine business management minor, students must be certified in a major, have completed 60 credits, and have a cumulative GPA of 2.5. Completion of the minor requires an overall GPA of at least 2.5 in the required courses

The required courses are:

  • ACCTG 230 Introduction to Financial Accounting
  • COMSTRAT 312 Principles of Public Relations
  • COMSTRAT 380 Advertising Principles and Practices or MKTG 477 Promotion Management
  • FRENCH 420 French Culture Through Wine
  • MKTG 360 Marketing
  • HBM 350 Beverage Management
  • ENTRP 490 or FS 422.

Nine hours must be 300-400 level courses taken in residence at WSU or though WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses and they may not include any 498 or 499 courses. Up to 6 hours may be transferred from another institution.

Students must complete 400 hours of internship/industry experience to earn the minor.

Wine Business Management Certificate - coming soon!

Beginning next January 2017, WSU Tri-Cities will offer a one-year online professional certificate program in wine business management.

The new non-credit certificate program will be offered in six modules developed and taught by WSU business faculty with interests in wine business, as well as industry professionals with unique expertise in wine business marketing, financial management and specific legal, compliance and trademark issues.

Apply for the certificate program online.

For more information, contact Robert Harrington, WSU Tri-Cities professor of hospitality and wine business management, at 509-372-7487 or rharrington@tricity.wsu.edu.

Computer Science

The minor in computer science consists of 20 credits which must include:

  • CPT S 121 Program Design and Development C/C++
  • CPT S 122 Data Structures C/C++
  • CPT S 223 Advanced Data Structures C/C++

Three courses must be at the 300-400-level computer sciences, courses excluding computer skills and literacy courses. All prerequisites for minor courses must be met.

The minor program must be approved by an academic advisor.

Electrical Engineering

The electrical engineering minor requires 18 semester hours of courses in electrical engineering, 9 of which must be 300-400-level and taken in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses.

Required courses:

  • E E 214 Design of Logic Circuits
  • E E 261 Electrical Circuits I
  • E E 262 Electrical Circuits Laboratory I

Three additional electrical engineering courses

Mechanical Engineering

A minor in mechanical engineering requires 16 credits of 300-400-level ME courses, including two of the following four courses:

  • ME 303 Fluid Mechanics
  • ME 348 Dynamics Systems
  • ME 405 Thermal Systems Design
  • ME 414 414 Machine Design

9 hours of upper-division work must be taken in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses.


Global Leadership Certificate

The certificate of global leadership emphasizes leadership development, cross-cultural understanding, and global engagement. The University College and the Global Studies Program (part of the WSU Office of International programs) work together to offer this unique program.

Students in every major and from all colleges are welcome to participate in the Global Leadership Certificate program. You will work directly with the Director of Global Learning to create a course plan tailored to your education goals and requirements.


  • 12 credits from more than 200 courses with local/global perspectives
  • Leadership Development (1credit) Learn the foundations of leadership, engage others in the community, and understand intercultural group dynamics
  • Experiential Learning (1credit) This can be fulfilled through local/global immersion projects, education abroad, service learning, and on-campus, co-curricular activities such as the “Leadership Adventures” programming
  • Integrative Capstone Project (1credit) The capstone project will allow you the opportunity to consider a variety of questions and issues related to the manner in which local and global forces impact your personal and professional lives
Global Studies Minor

The global studies minor is flexible, designed to complement any major. You can include interests outside your major, add international perspective to what you’re already studying, focus on a region or culture, pursue topics with global implications — it’s up to you.

There are three general areas to choose from. Each area includes modules that let you home in on what interests you the most.

  • Language and civilization
  • Global communities
  • Technology and global society
Make a major discovery…