Advantages of bioresources
- Can be more sustainable than traditional alternatives (focus on lignocellulosic wastes rather than food-chain crops).
- Domestically produced and support the State’s agriculture economy.
- Help reduce dependency on foreign energy.
- Support farmers and rural communities (improved economics, new markets, improved competitive position, etc.)
Why the focus on “Bio” resources?
Bioresources can be used as feedstocks for:
- Bioproducts: useful non-energy products derived from bioresources.
- Biopower: biomass power systems that use biomass feedstocks instead of traditional fossil fuels (natural gas, oil or coal) to produce electricity.
- Biofuels: liquid or gaseous fuels derived from biomass which substitute for petroleum products such as gasoline or diesel.
- Biofuels (oils, biodiesel, ethanol and other alcohols, diesel, gasoline, “crude oil”, biogas, syngas, etc.)
- Biochemicals (specialty chemicals such as enzymes, catalysts, proteins, paints, inks, surfactants, polymers, lubricants, solvents, plant-made pharmaceuticals, etc.)
- Biomaterials (fiber products, lumber, leather, processed foods, laminates, roofing, plastics, insulation, etc.)
- Bioprocesses (biological, chemical and thermal conversion methods, improved process engineering, etc.)
- Lignocellulosic bioethanol laboratories.
- High-pressure catalytic reactor rooms for hydrogenation and other chemical processing.
- Bioprocessing laboratories for developing and engineering fungal fermentations.
- Supporting wet chemical laboratories for synthesis and preparation of catalysts and feedstocks.
- Combinatorial Catalysis Research Laboratory, which houses PNNL’s state-of-the-art, rapid-throughput catalyst discovery instrumentation.
- 2,500 square-foot high-bay facility for integration and scale-up of the various processing steps in bioproducts manufacture.